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Classical Studies -- Greece   Tags: classical greece, history, philosophy  

An overview of available resources for your Classical Studies Greece Essays
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Welcome to Studies in Ancient Greece philosophy

This guide provides information about where to find resources about Ancient Greek philosophy. Want to read some books? Just click the Research Resources tab above to see some of the books in the MA library. Want to find a good article--same tab. 

 

Zeno the Stoic

The Greek philosopher Zeno of Citium (335-263 BC) was the founder of Stoicism. His teachings had a profound influence throughout the ancient world and in important respects helped pave the way for Christianity. ("Zeno of Citium." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. World History in Context. Web. 23 Oct. 2014.)

 

If you are right, why do you fear those to be wrong to blame you?

 

Hippocrates

  • Born: c. 460 BC in Cos, Greece
  • Died: c. 377 BC in Larissa, Greece
  • Nationality: Greek
  • Occupation: Physician

The ancient Greek physician Hippocrates (460-377 BC), the father of medicine, put a definitive stamp on the whole character of Greek medicine.Only the barest outline of the biography of Hippocrates emerges from the ancient writings. He was born on the Aegean island of Cos, just off the Ionian coast near Halicarnassus. He is called Hippocrates Asclepiades, "descendant of (the doctor-god) Asclepios," but whether this descent was by family or merely by his espousing the medical profession is uncertain. His teachers in medicine are said to have been his father, Heracleides, and Herodicos of Selymbria. Hippocrates certainly was known in Athens, for Plato mentions him twice, on each occasion calling him Asclepiades. It is also clear that the height of his career was during the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.).("Hippocrates." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. World History in Context. Web. 24 Oct. 2014.)

 

Epicurus the Epicurean

Epicurus (341 B.C.-270 B.C.) was born of Athenian parents on the island of Samos. At an early age he began his philosophical studies on the islands of the Aegean and the coast of Asia Minor, where he encountered followers of Plato and Democritus. He first taught at Mytilene, on Lesbos, about 311 B.C.; soon he moved to Lampsacus, a city on the Hellespont, where he recruited a loyal following that included several future leaders of the Epicurean school. In 307-306 B.C. he established at Athens an Epicurean community called the Garden. It was the center of his activity until his death. (P. H. de Lacy. "Epicurus." Philosophy and Ethics. Donald M. Borchert. New York: Macmillan Library Reference USA, 1999. Macmillan Compendium. World History in Context. Web. 23 Oct. 2014.)

 

Epicureans

 

Diogenes the Cynic

Diogenes (412-323 BC), a Greek philosopher, was the most famous exponent of Cynicism, which called for a closer imitation of nature, the repudiation of most human conventions, and complete independence of mind and spirit.The son of Hicesias, Diogenes was born in Sinope. He arrived in Athens after he and his father had been exiled from their native city for debasing the coinage in some way. His life in Athens was one of great poverty, but it was there that he adopted Antisthenes's teachings and became the chief exponent of Cynicism. ("Diogenes." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. World History in Context. Web. 23 Oct. 2014.)

 

Galen

  • Born: c. 130 in Pergamon, Greece
  • Died: c. 200 in Pergamon, Turkey
  • Nationality: Greek
  • Occupation: Physician
The ideas and writings of the Greek physician Galen influenced medicine for centuries after his death. His theories on subjects such as anatomy, disease, and patient care spread through translations in western Europe and the Middle East. His ideas formed the basis of European medicine during the Renaissance, when scholars studied and critiqued his work. Although many of his theories later turned out to be flawed, his ideas laid a strong foundation for further medical advances. ("Galen ca. A.D . 130–ca. 216 Greek Physician." Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students. Ed. Paul F. Grendler. Vol. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004. 110-111. World History in Context. Web. 24 Oct. 2014.)
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